What does the Eastern Hemisphere include?

What does the Eastern Hemisphere include?

Eastern Hemisphere. The Eastern Hemisphere refers to the area of the Earth east of the prime meridian and west of the International Date Line. This includes much of Europe, Africa, Asia, Australia, and the islands of Oceania. A map centered on the Eastern Hemisphere will have the Indian Ocean basin at the center.

What are some examples of the cultural exchange between the Eastern and Western hemispheres?

Crops from the Eastern Hemisphere, such as grapes, onions, and wheat, also thrived in the Western Hemisphere. The Columbian Exchange benefited Europe, too. Many American crops became part of the European diet. Two that had a huge impact were potatoes and corn.

How many countries are there in Eastern Hemisphere?

Countries in Eastern hemisphere are Germany, Poland, Romania, China, Egypt, Afghanistan, Japan, North Korea, Iran, India, Vietnam Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, and Turkey.

Why is the Eastern Hemisphere called the Old World?

In the context of archaeology and world history, the term “Old World” includes those parts of the world which were in (indirect) cultural contact from the Bronze Age onwards, resulting in the parallel development of the early civilizations, mostly in the temperate zone between roughly the 45th and 25th parallels north.

What are the 4 hemispheres?

Any circle drawn around the Earth divides it into two equal halves called hemispheres. There are generally considered to be four hemispheres: Northern, Southern, Eastern, and Western.

What is the most eastern country in the world?

Russia
List of countries by easternmost point

Rank Country Easternmost point
1 Russia Big Diomede Island, Chukotka Autonomous Okrug Cape Dezhnev (mainland)
2 New Zealand Forty-Fours East Cape (North Island)
3 Fiji Vatoa island
4 Tuvalu Nukulaelae island

How did New World plants impact the Eastern Hemisphere?

They also contributed luxuries such as honey, sugar, and coffee. The New World introduced the Eastern Hemisphere to vanilla, tobacco, beans, cacao (which can be harvested to make chocolate), pumpkins, corn, tomatoes, potatoes, pepper, avocados, and peanuts.

What animal was introduced to the Eastern Hemisphere from the Americas?

Horses had actually originated in America, spread to the Eastern Hemisphere over the land bridge, and then became extinct in their homeland. Thus, in 1493, Columbus began a process of swapping Old and New World plants and animals along with stowaway pests, weeds, and germs.

Which is the most eastern country in the world?

List of countries by easternmost point

Rank Country Longitude
1 Russia 169°01′W 169°40′W
2 New Zealand 175°45′W 178°54′E
3 Fiji 178°15′W
4 Tuvalu 179°51′E

Is England in the east or west hemisphere?

United Kingdom, passing through Greenwich, London. Most of the country lies within the Western Hemisphere.

What are the 4 hemispheres of the world?

There are generally considered to be four hemispheres: Northern, Southern, Eastern, and Western. The Equator, or line of 0 degrees latitude, divides the Earth into the Northern and Southern hemispheres.

What two hemispheres do we live in?

The only continent in all four hemispheres is Africa. What hemispheres do we live in? We live in North America, so we live in the Northern and Western Hemispheres.

How do you explain hemisphere to a child?

A hemisphere is half of a sphere, or ball. People use the word to describe one half of Earth. Geographers, or people who study Earth, have divided the planet into two sets of two hemispheres. These are the Northern and Southern hemispheres and the Eastern and Western hemispheres.

What is the name of the last country on earth?

The newest internationally recognized country in the world is the African country of South Sudan, which declared independence on July 9, 2011. In the following days, it became also the newest member of the United Nations.

Which countries are in the eastern part of the world?

List of countries by easternmost point

Rank Country Easternmost point
1 Russia Big Diomede Island, Chukotka Autonomous Okrug Cape Dezhnev (mainland)
2 New Zealand Forty-Fours East Cape (North Island)
3 Fiji Vatoa island
4 Tuvalu Nukulaelae island

What animals were brought from Europe to America?

The Native Americans preferred their own foods. When it came to animals, however, the Native Americans borrowed eagerly from the Eurasian stables. The Columbian Exchange brought horses, cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, and a collection of other useful species to the Americas.

What came from the Eastern Hemisphere in the Columbian Exchange?

In 1492, Columbus brought the Eastern and Western Hemispheres back together. The resulting swap of Old and New World germs, animals, plants, peoples, and cultures has been called the “Columbian Exchange.” Humans from Asia probably first entered the Western Hemisphere between 20,000 and 30,000 years ago.

What is the movement of plants animals and diseases between the Eastern and Western Hemisphere?

The arrival of the Spanish in the Americas brought more than a clash of peoples and cultures. It also brought a movement of plants, animals, and diseases between the Eastern and Western hemispheres. This movement of living things between hemispheres is called the Columbian Exchange.

Which country is the smallest in the world?

Vatican City
The smallest country in the world is Vatican City, with a landmass of just 0.49 square kilometers (0.19 square miles). Vatican City is an independent state surrounded by Rome.