What were passes in South Africa?

What were passes in South Africa?

In South Africa, pass laws were a form of internal passport system designed to segregate the population, manage urbanization, and allocate migrant labor.

What were pass books?

The reference book was also called the pass book or in Afrikaans language, a dompas. The purpose of the Pass Law was to control the movement of Black Africans from rural areas to urban or more developed areas, as the latter were assigned to whites only. Pass Laws hurt South Africa in many ways.

What was the purpose of the pass laws?

To help enforce the segregation of the races and prevent Blacks from encroaching on white areas, the government strengthened the existing “pass” laws, which required nonwhites to carry documents authorizing their presence in restricted areas.

What were the apartheid pass laws?

Pass Laws. The Pass Laws Act of 1952 required black South Africans over the age of 16 to carry a pass book, known as a dompas, everywhere and at all times. Each year, over 250,000 blacks were arrested for technical offenses under the Pass Laws. As a result, the dompas became the most despised symbol of apartheid.

Who were the Bantustans in South Africa?

Bantustan, also known as Bantu homeland, South Africa homeland, or Black state, any of 10 former territories that were designated by the white-dominated government of South Africa as pseudo-national homelands for the country’s Black African (classified by the government as Bantu) population during the mid- to late 20th …

What are the apartheid laws in South Africa?

Apartheid (“apartness” in the language of Afrikaans) was a system of legislation that upheld segregationist policies against non-white citizens of South Africa. After the National Party gained power in South Africa in 1948, its all-white government immediately began enforcing existing policies of racial segregation.

What was the Criminal Law Amendment Act 1953?

In order to deal with the Defiance Campaign, the CRIMINAL LA WS AMENDMENT ACT of 1953 (together with the PUBLIC SAFETY ACT of the same year) was passed, and it included the following clause: “Any person who in any way whatsoever advises, encourages, incites, commands, aids or procures any other person or uses …

What did the Bantu Authorities do in 1952?

The law established a basis for ethnic government in African homeland reserve areas. All political rights (including voting) held by Africans were restricted to the designated homeland.

What were the effects of the Population Registration Act?

The effects of population registration act were that it led to the implementation of many discriminatory laws based on race.

Who introduced pass laws?

Pass laws evolved from regulations that the Dutch and British enacted during the 18th-century and 19th-century enslavement economy of the Cape Colony. In the 19th century, new pass laws were enacted to ensure a steady supply of cheap African labor for the diamond and gold mines.

What do you mean by apartheid law?

racial segregation
Apartheid refers to the implementation and maintenance of a system of legalized racial segregation in which one racial group is deprived of political and civil rights. Apartheid is a crime against humanity punishable under the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court.

Who wrote the apartheid laws?

General Barry Hertzog
The Bills proposed by General Barry Hertzog in the 1920s finally got the two-thirds majority required to be passed into law 1936, when the Development Trust and Land Act (also referred to as the Native Trust and Land Act and Bantu Trust and Land Act) and the Representation of Natives Act were enacted.

Why were the Bantustans created in South Africa?

The Government established ten Bantustans in South Africa, and ten in neighbouring South West Africa (then under South African administration), for the purpose of concentrating the members of designated ethnic groups, thus making each of those territories ethnically homogeneous as the basis for creating autonomous …

What is the origin of apartheid?

Translated from the Afrikaans meaning ‘apartness’, apartheid was the ideology supported by the National Party (NP) government and was introduced in South Africa in 1948. Apartheid made laws forced the different racial groups to live separately and develop separately, and grossly unequally too.

What caused apartheid?

The Great Depression and World War II brought increasing economic woes to South Africa, and convinced the government to strengthen its policies of racial segregation. In 1948, the Afrikaner National Party won the general election under the slogan “apartheid” (literally “apartness”).

What exactly was the apartheid?

Apartheid was a political and social system in South Africa during the era of White minority rule. It enforced racial discrimination against non-Whites, mainly focused on skin colour and facial features. The word apartheid means “distantiation” in the Afrikaans language.

What is the Criminal Law amendment Act also popularly known as?

The Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2013 (Nirbhaya Act) is an Indian legislation passed by the Lok Sabha on 19 March 2013, and by the Rajya Sabha on 21 March 2013, which provides for amendment of Indian Penal Code, Indian Evidence Act, and Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 on laws related to sexual offences.

During which year was the Criminal Law amendment Act passed?

1958
The Criminal Law Amendment Act, 1958.

How did Bantu affect people?

Many black and non-white children who lost a quality education due to the Bantu Act grew to experience economic strife. The Bantu Education Act resulted in increased racial tensions, a drop in national educational standards, and the denial of a quality education to thousands of South African children.

Where was the original Bantu homeland?

During a wave of expansion that began 4,000 to 5,000 years ago, Bantu-speaking populations – today some 310 million people – gradually left their original homeland of West-Central Africa and traveled to the eastern and southern regions of the continent.